Research Paper

Homo Sapiens (Archaic) Baby Fossil of the Middle Pleistocene

Authors: P. Rajendran, Peter Koshy & Santha Sadasivan

Year: 2006, Volume: 1, Page/Article: 1-7, DOI:

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On 14th October 2001 a suspected fossil was discovered within the ferricet at Oldai in Villupuram district of Tamil Nadu in South India. In order to prove the existence of a faunal fossil with the ferricrete it was subjected to various radiological methodology such as X-ray, Scanning 2D, 3D, and 3D software, and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). X-ray had identified, for the first time, the presence of a faunal fossil within the ferricrete. Subsequently 2D scanning was applied, and could distinguish the human cranium within the ferricrete. Then with the 3D scanning hundreds of images were taken that identified it as a human baby skull. It was further scanned with 3D software which identified three cervical vertebrae with the skull. Then SEM was applied to understand various characteristics of the skull in detail that recorded perfect nature of fossilized cranial bone structure, blood vessels, membranous tissues, brain tissues, RBC etc. It shows a peculiar type of preservation of the fossil within the ferricrete. In this context the absence of any micro organisms within the skull is significant. In order to make one to one comparison a human foetus skull has been examined under SEM and proved beyond doubt that the entombed fossil is that of a human child.